Introduction to Consultative Loya Jirga

The Holy religion of Islam which constitutes the basis of the Afghan nationhood commands all muslims to adhere to the practice of consulting and assembly. As stated in Chapter Shura of the Holy Quran, Muslims are instructed to solve their mutual disagreements through consultation.

Jirgas are councils of elders and influential people that have the authority to implement decisions at the local, national, regional and international level. The historical background of Jirgas in Afghanistan stretch from the earliest phases of history under King Kanishka the Great of the Kushan dynasty to the modern days and therefore the historicity, importance and effectiveness of this tradition has a central role in the history of our country.

Loya Jirgas (or Grand Assemblies) have been convened in different phases of our national history and thus the tradition has turned into a workable mechanism that has saved our country from deep crisis and massive problems.


Jirgas History

Traditionally Jirgas have been held based on the instructions of the Islamic Sharia and Quranic teachings and has turned into a favorite and accepted Afghan tradition.‏ over the years, Jirgas have been the vehicle to solve issues from tribal disputes to national matters and international affairs as faced by the Afghan state.

Since the ancient times of the Aryan civilization to the dawn of modern Afghanistan, Jirgas have been instrumental in gathering public perception about certain matters. Since Afghans and loyal muslims adhere to the teachings of Islam as the guiding light of their lives, following the instructions of a Jirga are part of our civilized way of life as instructed by the Holy Quran.